Automated pain assessment for older adults with dementia
Keywords: Automated, pain assessment, dementia.
Overview of Research
Although pain is very frequent in older populations, older adults are often undertreated for pain. This problem is especially serious for older persons with serious dementia (e.g., Alzheimer’s Disease), who live in nursing homes and cannot report their pain because of cognitive impairments that accompany dementia.
Nursing staff acknowledge the challenges of effectively recognizing and monitoring pain in this population. Effective approaches to pain assessment for people with dementia, based on observation of specific pain behaviours (e.g., certain grimaces), are available but nursing homes often lack the human resources and, sometimes, expertise to use these assessment approaches on a regular basis.
We are developing a vision-based technology to unobtrusively monitor residents in dementia long-term care (LTC) and to automatically detect pain in individuals with severe dementia who cannot communicate their pain. Our technology will then automatically alert a nursing staff who could attend to the person. We will offer this technology in the form of hardware specifications (e.g. camera specs, specs for camera placements, computing specs), and software (artificially intelligent algorithms that process facial expressions in video and identify pain in real-time; as well as software to send alerts to a nursing staff). This will be an affordable technology that will facilitate regular pain assessment with minimal resources, based on list of valid pain-related behaviours.
Babak Taati, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute
Ahmed Ashraf, University of Toronto
Azin Asgarian, University of Toronto
Greg Marchildon, University of Toronto
Kenneth Prkachin, University of Northern British Columbia
Michael Li, University of Toronto
Michelle Lukasik, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute
Paul Budnarain, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute
Shun Zhao, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute
Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, University of Regina